Vegetation in India

Diverse Variety of Vegetation
India's treasures of flora and fauna are fast dwindling, and if measures are not taken to check deforestation, it wont be long before barren stretches replace jungles.
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Himalayan Vegetation
The Himalayan belt is a botanists delight. The thick tropical forests in the eastern region of India are in sharp contrast to the pine and coniferous woodlands of the western Himalayas.

Natural cover varies with altitude; evergreen forests with mainly high alpine meadows nearer the snowline have more of temperate forests in the lower elevations.
The chir pine (Pinus roxburghii) grows throughout the northwest Himalayas, with the exception of Kashmir. Chilgoza (pine nut), oak, maple, ash (Fraxinus xanthoxyloides) grow abundantly in the Inner Himalayas.

The rain-soaked foothills are covered with deciduous trees, shrubs, fern and grass. The Brahmaputra Valley also wears patches of tea plantations and fluorescent-green rice fields, while mulberry trees on which tussar silk worms are bred, abound on the slopes.

Rain Forest of Southern India
The most luxuriant rain forests, however, lie on the southwestern coast, in Kerala where the lagoons are canopied by coconut trees, leading to the longest uninterrupted stretch of rain forests in the country. The andaman Islands and Arunachal Pradesh are other regions with well preserved rain forests.
Dense sandal, teak and sisoo (Dalbergia sissoo) forests, where elephants roam wild and free, flourish on the wet Karnataka plateau. Nudging this is the dry Telengana plateau in Andhra Pradesh, which offers only thorny scrub and wild Indian date palm.

The Desert Region
The Thar Desert presents a very different picture. The trees are short and stout, stunted by the scorching sun. Apart from cacti, there are the reunjha (Acacia leucophloea), khejra (Prosopis spicigera), kanju (Holoptelia integrifolia) and ak (Calotropis gigantea).

Tropical moist deciduous forests that cover most of the heartland are interspersed with tropical dry deciduous trees. The species include sal (Shorea robusta), teak (Tectona grandis), semul (Bombax ceiba), laurel, rosewood, mahua (Madhuca indica), amla (Emblica officinalis), khair (Acacia catechu), common bamboo, to name just a few.

 

teak tree

Teak Tree

 

duckweeds

Duckweeds

 

lilies

Lilies

 

lotus

Lotus

 

acacia catechu

Acacia Catechu

 

bamboo

Bamboo

 

anogeissus

Anogeissus

 

boswellia

Boswellia

 

amla

Amla

 

amaltas

Amaltas

 

haldu

Haldu

 

grass land

Grass Land

 

rain forest

Rain Forest

 

hedge & bushes

Hedge & Bushes

 

herbs

Herbs

 

shrubs

Shrubs

 

sal tree

Sal Tree

 

babul tree

Babul Tree

 

prosopis

Prosopis

 

casuarina

Casuarina

 

chir pine

Chir Pine

 

khair

Khair

 

sissoo

Sissoo

 

simal

Simal

 

elephant grass

Elephant Grass

 

imperata

Imperata

 

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